Overview of CBD Topicals?
When purchasing CBD, it’s essential to locate the very best product for your needs and your way of life. While CBD tinctures are frequently thought about the most popular option, they are not right for everyone. A significant variety of people favor topical products, like CBD creams, gels, salves, and also lotions.
Topical CBD items permit you to use the healing capacity of the hemp plant anywhere you require it most. This makes them excellent for targeting physical pain, like joint discomfort and also muscle mass discomfort. Use this overview to make a decision if CBD topicals are right for you.
Don’t simply limit on your own to CBD e-liquids or CBD oils– many people select to take CBD with their cosmetics when you get CBD. CBD uses a fresh as well as distinct brand-new way to tackle skin care.
What Are CBD Topicals?
Cannabidiol, much better known as CBD, is a natural substance, among greater than 100 related compounds found in the hemp plant. To comprehend the therapeutic capacity of CBD topicals, it’s commonly handy to understand what CBD is as well as just how it works.
CBD is the typically used abbreviation for cannabidiol, one of the countless cannabinoids located in marijuana plants. The wellness, as well as wellness potential of CBD oil, is discussed by its capacity to interact with the receptors of your endocannabinoid system. It’s the communication in between the carriers as well as receptors of this important interaction network that influences nearly every feature in your body, consisting of discomfort perception and also healthy skin function.
CBD has been suggested to hold prospective health advantages when consumed, such as aid with sleep problems, or a reduction in stress and anxiety signs and symptoms.
It is much less frequently understood that researchers have actually also hinted that CBD holds benefits when utilized on the surface. Such research studies have led to CBD ointments, lotions as well as balms expanding in popularity in the UK as well as across the world.
These are most commonly used in an attempt to assist handle persistent muscular pain, skin pain or inflammation, tension, or as an anti-inflammatory, however can also be used for general skin care reasons and to avoid such concerns.
While long term research is needed, CBD balms have actually been growing in popularity for a wide range of uses, and also some leading brand names are beginning to produce CBD based items.
In spite of this, there are some less than savory companies available supplying poor quality CBD balms to make a quick earnings, or even worse, items which contain zero CBD. Also several of the better recognized business have been located to make use of very small amounts of CBD simply to profit off of the name.
Topical CBD oil functions in a different way than various other CBD items. When you ingest a tincture, pill, or other CBD edible, a considerable quantity of the plant-derived cannabinoids are metabolized by your liver.
The therapeutic potential of items like CBD balms and lotions is because of the method the cannabinoids connect with the endocannabinoid system receptors straight within your skin. Given that topical CBD bypasses your digestive system processes, the results of CBD topicals can be felt a lot longer than ingestible items. That’s why topicals could be ideal for long-lasting remedy for local symptoms.
What Are the Benefits of CBD Topicals?
The phytocannabinoids in CBD oil imitate the functions of the endocannabinoids created in your body. Endocannabinoids are the chemical messengers of your endocannabinoid system. Numerous scientists today think the endocannabinoid system preserves homeostasis, the inner equilibrium that all living organisms need for survival. That claimed it’s thought that discrepancies in the endocannabinoid system function can lead to illness.
It’s thought that imbalances in the skin’s endocannabinoid system could help with the development of countless skin disease, consisting of dermatitis, psoriasis, and also skin cancer. If you’re prone to skin concerns, supplementing the endocannabinoid system with a topical CBD oil item could aid preserve healthy and balanced skin features.
CBD is shown to calm irritation as it minimizes pain. Knowing the following potential benefits of CBD topicals, and the many factors people are using topical products might help you choose if a topical item could be your finest option.
Minimizing Pain and also Skin Inflammation
Whether pain is triggered by an extreme exercise or the impacts of a persistent health problem, CBD oil is shown to function as properly as lots of prescription as well as non-prescription medications developed to alleviate pain and also swelling.
Given that research study suggests CBD oil has analgesic, antispasmodic, and neuroprotective buildings that might minimize the symptoms of many persistent discomfort problems, many people are using CBD topicals for their possible to relieve overworked muscular tissues, reduce the frequency or seriousness of muscle spasms, decrease the pain and also inflammation of arthritis, and also secure diseased joints from nerve damage and also nerve pain.
The analgesic, antispasmodic, and anti-inflammatory results of CBD oil are due to its impacts on the endocannabinoid system receptors and a number of non-endocannabinoid receptors, including the Serotonin, dopamine, and gaba receptors. CBD oil additionally sets off the manufacturing of anandamide, one of the two major endocannabinoid system carriers made in the body.
Easing the Discomfort of Chronic Skin Conditions
Healthy and balanced skin has an also tone, structure, and shade. It really feels neither also dry or too damp and does not itch, flake, or melt. Skin health and wellness as well as look is determined by its capability to lose old skin cells as well as produce new, healthy cells.
Topical CBD is shown to imitate the impacts of lipids found in healthy skin and modulate essential receptors understood to soothe skin inflammation as well as minimize inflammation. Considering that research recommends CBD oil targets a lot of aspects integral to skin health, many people are making use of topical CBD for its prospective to minimize the discomfort of various skin conditions, including allergic dermatitis, sunburn, skin itching, seborrhea, eczema, as well as much more.
Lowering the Symptoms of Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the skin as well as joints. The noticeable signs and symptoms of psoriasis are triggered by new skin cells relocating to the surface much faster than they should. The process of brand-new skin cell generation that typically cycles throughout the month can occur within days for psoriasis patients. The acceleration of the skin cell life-cycle leaves those affected with patches of dry, silvery, scaled skin that can crack, impulse, and bleed.
Research study recommends topical CBD can improve the symptoms of numerous inflammatory skin disease, including the awkward signs and symptoms of psoriasis. CBD oil is revealed to minimize the symptoms of psoriasis by inhibiting the production of keratinocytes and also lowering the buildup of psoriasis plaques.
Harmonizing Oil Production and Clearing Acne
As the all-natural oil in your skin rises through your pores, it carries dead skin cells to the surface of your skin. When dead skin cells can not reach the surface, they clump, block your pores, and catch microorganisms.
The blemishes, which provide as acne, externally of your skin are the result of your body immune system reacting to the caught bacteria. Many of the present treatments utilized to fight acne and imperfections can over-dry skin, cause irritability, as well as make outbreaks even worse.
Topical CBD products are shown to be fairly beneficial for those coping with acne-prone skin. CBD is believed to lower the frequency as well as severity of outbreaks by stabilizing oil production, lowering the swelling that causes breakouts, as well as relaxing irritability. The antimicrobial residential properties of cannabidiol (CBD) help to better minimize bacterial development.
When choosing a topical CBD item for acne-prone skin, it’s essential to choose an item created with non-comedogenic oils. While all-natural oils like argan oil, jojoba oil, as well as coconut oil are well-known for their skin-soothing benefits, some individuals find coconut oil as well heavy for their blemish-prone skin.
Protecting Skin from the Signs of Aging
Skin is a complex body organ, an energetic structure that supports a number of “mini-organ systems,” oil glands, hair follicles, gland, and also an immune system. Over collagen, elastin and time manufacturing reduces, as well as skin sheds its capacity to repair damages. The visible signs of skin damages consist of great lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, as well as loose, drooping skin.
The receptors of the endocannabinoid system are located in nearly every kind of skin cell. Study recommends that triggering the endocannabinoid receptors with topical CBD can shield skin from ecological risks and also perhaps delay the indications of aging. Simply a few of the many potential advantages of CBD oil for maturing skin consist of improving the turnover of skin cells, resembling the feature of natural skin lipids, balancing oil manufacturing to reduce dry skin, as well as reducing collagen loss.
Finally, as a powerful anti-oxidant, CBD shields and also repair work skin cells damaged by aspects like sunshine as well as contamination. It’s also shown to have more antioxidant capacity than vitamin C and also vitamin E, both well-known for their invigorating possible and also ability to safeguard skin from free-radical damage.
How To Use CBD Topicals
Prior to getting any CBD topical items, speak with your medical professional or skin specialist. It’s important that you seek advice from them in advance to guarantee you’re utilizing CBD oil in the best way possible.
If you have sensitive skin, are prone to allergic reactions, or have a persistent skin problem, consider executing a basic spot examination before applying a CBD topical liberally. Examination for skin level of sensitivity by using a little quantity of your topical inside your elbow or behind your knee.
If you plan on applying a CBD topical cream to your face, you can execute a patch test on your forehead or jaw. The product is likely safe for your skin if there is no response. If you have questions about patch-tests or any kind of resulting inflammation, consult your doctor prior to utilizing CBD.
CBD topicals are used much in the very same fashion as any type of other product used to your skin. Like other topical prep work, CBD topicals must be utilized on tidy skin.
If you are making use of a CBD topical on aggravated skin, simply rinse the area with water as well as gently rub dry. If you do not see the effects you are trying to find, wait on the item to take in, then reapply.
Both CBD Skin Cream as well as CBD Muscle Balm have a similar method of application: merely rubbing them into the damaged location for the desired hydrating result.
This then brings about a refined start of CBD, taking about 60 mins, as well as lasting up to 6 hours. Cosmetics ranges can be made use of as often as needed without adverse negative effects from CBD overuse.
Full-Spectrum, Broad-Spectrum, & CBD Isolate Topicals
While CBD oil can be sourced from marijuana, most of the CBD products marketed to the general populace are produced from hemp essence. Before purchasing a topical hemp-derived product, it is essential to know there are a number of sorts of products to select from.
CBD topicals can be made with full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, or CBD isolate.
The Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD Topicals
Full-spectrum CBD has all the added cannabinoids, plant terpenes, as well as flavonoids found in the exact same proportions as the original plant, consisting of trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less.). THC is the cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant that triggers intoxication, or the “high”, typically related to marijuana usage. However, full-spectrum hemp essence does not have enough THC to create the exact same blissful impact marijuana is recognized for.
Full-spectrum hemp extract is additionally a substantial source of important fats, vitamins, and also minerals. Since of an intriguing phenomenon known as the entourage result, numerous individuals believe full-spectrum items to be the most potent alternative. The concept of the entourage effect discusses exactly how each of the more than 400 plant aspects in cannabis interact to escalate the impacts of the others.
The Benefits of Broad-Spectrum CBD Topicals
Broad-spectrum CBD includes much of the possibly beneficial plant components of full-spectrum items with one crucial exception. A procedure called chromatography is utilized to remove the THC. Considering that broad-spectrum topicals have a number of the very same active cannabinoids, terpenes, and possibly useful flavonoids as full-spectrum products, they are usually preferred by those that would certainly such as the benefits of the entourage effect however wish to prevent THC.
The Benefits of Topicals Made with CBD Isolate
CBD isolate is a tasteless, odour-free powder, a cleansed form of CBD. CBD isolate can also be made use of to boost the strength of full-spectrum and also broad-spectrum CBD oil.
Types of CBD Topicals
Once you have the “green light,” from your doctor, as well as have actually patch-tested and prepped your skin, you will certainly require to make a decision which sort of CBD topical you ‘d like to use. Along with making a decision if you would certainly such as to make use of a full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or CBD isolate item, you’ll require to choose whether a salve/ointment, cream/lotion, face product, or patch is best for your demands.
CBD Salves as well as Ointments
CBD lotions and salves are frequently developed with oils as well as waxes to develop a semi-solid substance. Given that salve is not absorbed into the skin as quickly as CBD cream or lotion, lotions and salves sit much longer externally of your skin, so the effects are typically longer lasting.
Ointments and also salves are typically the product of option for CBD individuals trying to find extended alleviation. Many CBD salves and also lotions additionally contain various other necessary oils understood for their pain-relieving capacity.
For lasting, super-targeted pain alleviation, a CBD salve or lotion could suffice. To use a CBD salve or ointment, simply apply a small amount to the unpleasant area, ensuring to rub it into the skin as finest you can. If needed, the effects generally last up to 6 hrs– reapply.
Localized CBD skin care.
The main variable that distinguishes between each technique of CBD usage is bioavailability. Basically, a substance’s bioavailability is the quantity of it that can be soaked up into your blood circulation system, and also the price at which this occurs.
The more straight a course to the blood stream, the greater the bioavailability, hence using IV drips in healthcare facilities. Vaping CBD has the highest possible bioavailability, as a result of the variety of blood vessels discovered in the lungs.
By contrast, topically applied CBD will likely never get to the blood stream, acting instead as targeted support for a large portion of your skin.
CBD Creams and also Lotions
Moisturizing creams and also creams typically consist of a mix of oil and water. They are created to moisturize skin while protecting from moisture loss. Several CBD creams as well as creams are developed with added active ingredients to enhance their invigorating skin-soothing and also prospective advantages. You may intend to research any type of unknown oils or plant essences provided in your CBD lotion to guarantee you are picking the most effective product option for your skin kind.
For everyday, ubiquitous usage, a CBD lotion or cream works as a great cream with the included benefits of discomfort relief and also inflammation reduction. The pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD lotions and creams normally last 4 to 6 hrs.
CBD Facial Serums as well as oils
Facial oils offer extreme hydration by creating a barrier between the dampness in your skin as well as the air. Oils avoid wetness from evaporating. Considering that CBD is fat-soluble, instilling all-natural oils with CBD help cannabinoid absorption and also distribution.
If you have dry face skin, you might think about a CBD product or facial oil. To use these products, it’s ideal to comply with the guidelines on the packaging. The amount and frequency you require to apply will rely on what the product or oil has and also your own skin type.
CBD Skin Cream or CBD Muscle Balm?
So, currently, you comprehend what separates cbd cosmetics, it’s time to make a decision whether the CBD Skin Cream or the CBD Muscle Balm is a far better fit.
Given their various factors of focus, this distinction is a little simpler than in between Oral Drops & Oral Spray, or Whole Plant & Full Spectrum E-liquids. Furthermore, to keep the purchase procedure problem totally free, the cosmetics range just comes in one model.
CBD Skin Cream
As the name suggests, CBD Skin Cream is made with everyday skin treatment in mind. Not just does it contain 300mg of CBD, it additionally has a special mix of moisturising ingredients to guarantee the lotion services two fronts.
These ingredients include wonderful almond oil, beeswax, ginseng origin remove, and also chamomile flower removes, all bound with each other by an all-natural Green Tea as well as Lemon fragrance. Throughout item variety, we usually foreground CBD and also the hemp plant, yet CBD Skin Cream is worried about a bigger equilibrium.
This balance manifests in the potent moisturising results of each individual active ingredient. By attracting these inconsonant however effective buildings together, along with CBD’s impact, the strength of the Skin Cream’s vital care is enhanced.
CBD Muscle Balm
Where CBD Skin Cream is concentrated on moisturising and supporting the continuous treatment of your skin, the CBD Muscle Balm is made for post-workout leisure.
Like CBD Skin Cream, CBD Muscle Balm consists of a cannabinoid rich hemp extract with 300mg of CBD to involve the body’s endocannabinoid system, at the same time targeting receptors in your skin and also muscle mass.
The natural coconut oil we make use of is well understood for its conductivity with CBD, as well as offers a balm its smooth as well as easy to applicate top qualities. This is even more improved by the blend of other organic oils, including argan, rosehip, geranium, eucalyptus and also lavender.
Argan oil, especially, is popular for its unsaturated fats, in addition to containing more antioxidants per ml than olive oil. Similar to the entourage effect made use of in broad range CBD, the oils in CBD Muscle Balm act together to achieve a greater aesthetic effect than the number of their components.
Transdermal CBD Patches
Your skin manages a constant release of CBD into your blood stream when you wear a transdermal CBD spot. Transdermal patches may be suitable for those who would choose the wellness and wellness possibility of an ingestible product but have problem using a tincture or pill as a result of belly problem, discomfort, or nausea ingesting. Transdermal spots are additionally preferred by CBD individuals trying to find continual CBD absorption in a details area of their body.
To utilize a transdermal patch, you simply stick it on your skin, like a sticker, and let it go to work. Transdermal CBD spots can last anywhere from 24 to 48 hours. A transdermal spot may be as well much to start with if you’re new to CBD.
What Are the Best CBD Topicals?
In order to discover the very best CBD topicals for your demands, you’ll require to do some research study.
Lots of CBD items on the market are found to have far much less CBD than manufacturers assert, as well as can also be instilled with ingredients that might hurt your skin. Since your CBD experience is directly affected by the top quality of the items you select and how you use them, take into consideration the worth of the adhering to tips.
Best CBD Topicals
With CBD becoming more and more popular and popping up in all kinds of media, items beyond the basic CBD oils are starting to appear.
One of the most preferred of these are CBD balms, typically used to apply CBD topically in order to deal with external skin disease such as dermatitis as well as psoriasis, as well as muscular pains, discomforts and inflammation.
Such balms are pestered by the very same copycat items and also quick cash making plans as regular CBD oil, as well as so it’s important for prospective customers to stick to the attempted and true business using high quality items.
With that in mind, we’ve assembled our checklist of the top CBD balm brands in the UK – yet first, just what is CBD, as well as why would certainly you desire it in the form of a balm?
To aid you prevent these challenges, we’ve created a checklist of the very best CBD balms in the UK. These are all top quality items with high CBD material, so if you’re looking to experience authentic gain from a CBD product and experience whether CBD works for you, we would recommend adhering to among the below.
Evopure is just one of the leaders of CBD products in the UK, and also the factor for this is that they agree to go the extra mile in practically every area of their service.
All CBD in the balm originates from organically grown EU hemp. Not just that, yet sustainability is prioritised from beginning to end, both in regards to growing approaches and being used special CO2 extraction approaches to get all of the advantages of the plant with marginal environmental damage.
Evopure’s CBD balm likewise makes use of every one of the advantageous components of the hemp plant – that suggests all 100+ cannabinoids (minus THC), terpenes, flavonoids, and vitamins and minerals. It is additionally combined with important oils with anti-inflammatory impacts to boost and sustain the health and wellness benefits given.
Even much better, Evopure’s site offers independent lab screening results for each and every set, so you recognize precisely what’s in your bottle. Developed at first as a cbd muscle balm, this product has and has excellent evaluations worked topically for hundreds of people throughout the UK.
If you are aiming to try a topical CBD balm for complaints such as muscular tissue discomfort, swelling, skin grievances, or similar, you will certainly struggle to discover better anywhere.
2: Eden’s Gate CBD Balms Range
Eden’s Gate is one more fantastic UK business giving CBD balm alternatives. They supply numerous different choices such as CBD eczema balm, sports relief balm or muscular tissue & joint relief balm.
The upside of this is you can choose a balm to match your precise needs, as well as while the mass of the material will be the same, there will certainly be some other ingredients and added natural herbs thrown in to make it a bit much more personalised to your issue.
Eden’s Gate is a little pricey compared to Evopure as a result of reduced CBD content, as well as their environmental policy isn’t rather clear, knocking them into 2nd place. Despite this, they beat most various other competitors handily and also are an excellent choice for UK-based people interested in checking out CBD.
3: Provacan CBD Balm
Provacan’s offering is among the most costly on this checklist, nonetheless it includes chocolate butter and also beeswax, making it even more of a conventional skin care product with a CBD kick, in contrast to a CBD balm first.
No matter, this is a terrific alternative that creates fast outcomes and also is a fantastic daily moisturizer.
If you have an interest in the benefits of CBD balms to deal with a particular wellness complaint, we would certainly advise sticking with one of the above alternatives as they include greater dosages for a lower rate.
Nonetheless, if you wish to attempt a smooth skin revitalizing cream that likewise helps prevent such grievances, Provacan is an outstanding service that will leave you feeling smoother and also softer in the long-term.
4: HempTouch Soothing CBD Skin Balm
HempTouch provides an excellent alternative for those with much more delicate skin. Free of all possible toxic irritants as well as additives, their CBD skin balm is soft and gentle.
It is only available in a really small 50ml size, but does include a variety of fats, organic anti-inflammatories and also necessary oils to increase the advantages.
This is an excellent alternative for those with completely dry or irritated skin, as it’s a terrific resource of vitamin B and also an effective skin cream, while offering a healthy dose of CBD to help reduce any persistent pain symptoms.
One small drawback is that HempTouch’s products are stored in the USA, meaning for UK consumers it likely has the longest shipment time on the checklist. A very rated CBD massage therapy balm, for those looking for a mild topical skin reducer, however, it is likely to be worth the delay.
5: Spruce Topical CBD Salve
Spruce’s CBD salve contains over 10x the quantity of CBD that Provacan’s balm does, as well as is an excellent alternative for those who are experienced utilizing CBD as well as looking for something a lot more powerful.
Their item is organic and also the company offers laboratory testing results, suggesting you can rely on the web content detailed is precise.
Various other ingredients such as shea butter as well as olive oil are utilized, and also Spruce’s salve is a prominent alternative for professional athletes with muscle aches as well as pains.
6: Endoca CBD Salve
Endoca’s offering features a rather exceptional price tag, yet utilizes 100% natural active ingredients with CO2 removal processes to back that up.
It likewise gives long-lasting moisturizing results and a variety of minerals and also vitamins combined with skin health and wellness in mind, making it a great option for those with rashes or irritable skin problem.
A gentle, cooling CBD salve, Endoca’s balm is even ideal for infants or as a nappy breakout cream. Endoca ensures all items are vegan, ruthlessness totally free, as well as natural, which ports them right into this checklist in terms of quality.
While it can practically be used by any person, we suggest it best for people with dry skin or chronic skin issues such as dermatitis. While this is the best choice on the marketplace for those conditions particularly, Evopure has the majority of the exact same advantages at a reduced rate, making it a better option for many various other problems or for general use.
We would advise you to stick to the CBD balms detailed, but which is best for you will certainly depend upon your specific requirements and expectations.
Regardless, every one of them is excellent quality alternatives, and also if among them doesn’t work for you, it’s possibly an indication that CBD simply isn’t for you.
Right here are a few final tips for selecting a great CBD item:
Any type of CBD balm which contains hemp seed oil as opposed to CBD oil or hemp oil, is useless. Hempseed oil is a healthy and balanced cooking oil filled with important fatty acids, however does not include more than a trace of CBD and is ineffective for enhancing health and wellness problems or wellbeing
A product that lists “CBD isolate” as an active ingredient is ideal prevented. This indicates 100% CBD with none of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, or vitamins and minerals that make CBD so beneficial to the endocannabinoid system. A wide range CBD oil has all of the above and also is far more likely to supply advantages
Climbing need, as well as altering regulations, indicate hemp farms are popping up throughout the globe as well as this increase is just most likely to proceed in the coming years. As a result, sustaining a brand name that prioritises ethical expanding as well as ecological responsibility is a must.
Select a High-Quality, Potent Product
Considering that hemp absorbs heavy metals, pesticides, and also other toxic substances from the dirt, the very best high quality items are crafted from plants expanded without the use of chemicals. In other words, look for items sourced from organic hemp.
The amount of CBD in the topical must be defined in milligrams (mg). If you discover a product that uses unclear terminology like “high effectiveness,” or “greatest solution” without specifying the amount of CBD the product includes, look somewhere else. The item is unlikely to include sufficient CBD to be of any value if a manufacturer is not specifying the CBD content.
Try to find a Certificate of Analysis
Because CBD items are not presently managed, it’s vital to position your count on firms that supply access to their Certificates of Analysis, the third-party examination results that ensure your CBD tinctures, topicals, edibles, as well as vape products are as pure as well as potent as the supplier cases.
You can use this info to validate the cannabinoid material, THC content, as well as terpene account. You can likewise utilize these test results to validate that you are not using solvent deposits, possibly unsafe germs, or heavy metals to your skin.
Prevent Potentially Harmful Ingredients
While CBD could be fairly helpful for skin wellness, it’s vital to watch product labels for added components that could be dangerous.
You might wish to stay clear of CBD topicals that contain alcohol or artificial scents. Alcohol is recognized to aggravate the skin and make some skin problems even worse. Lots of synthetic fragrances consist of hormone disruptors as well as can activate allergies.
You may additionally wish to try to find items made without parabens, artificial chemicals that are typically utilized as a chemical. A number of studies have actually linked the parabens made use of in cosmetics, creams, and also hair shampoo to skin cancer cells, bust cancer, as well as lowered sperm count.
It’s crucial to understand that numerous natural items are formulated with essential oils if you are looking for a CBD product made with natural components. An item developed for pain alleviation can consist of a dramatically different mix of ingredients than a product developed to support skin. You may wish to investigate the component list prior to making a selection.
Topical CBD products can be used by themselves or in combination with tinctures, edibles, as well as CBD vape products to supplement their effects. If you have a medical condition or take medications, please consult your physician prior to purchasing CBD. While hemp-derived CBD is typically considered a secure, all-natural product, it can interact with a number of prescription as well as non-prescription medications.